Lysgardsbakken, officially known as Lysgardsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (Norwegian: Lysgardsbakkene hoppanlegg), is a ski jumping hill in Lillehammer, Norway. It consists of a large hill, with a K-point of 123 and a hill size of 138, and a small hill with a K-point of 90 and a hill size of 100. It opened in 1993 for the 1994 Winter Olympics, where it hosted the ski jumping and Nordic combined events, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. After the Olympics, ownership was transferred to the municipal Lillehammer Olympiapark and it has since been used for several FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup tournaments, including hosting the Nordic Tournament. It has a capacity for 35,000 spectators and is one of three national ski jumping hills in Norway. In 2007, the large hill was rebuilt to a larger profile, and received a new plastic lining. The venue sees 80,000 annual jumps in the winter and 20,000 in the summer season. Construction Stands and commentator boxes The plans which were approved when Lillehammer were awarded the 1994 Winter Olympics, involved using the existing Balbergbakken in Faberg, north of Lillehammer.[1] However, the venue was rejected by the broadcasting planners, and instead it was decided that an all-new venue would be built at Lysgard.[2] Financing of the venue was given through a grant issued by the Parliament of Norway on 1 August 1990. Architects were Okaw Arkitekter, with Martin M. Bakken as the main contractor. Construction had already stated earlier in 1990, and it was completed by December 1992. The seating area was made with pre-fabricated concrete elements with metal bars. Temporary buildings and facilities for the opening ceremonies were installed in December 1993, and removed after the Olympics.[3] This included 70 commentator boxes, a media center, and offices for technical pers nnel.[4] The original construction included plastic on the outrun and porcelain tracks on the small hill, allowing jumping during summer. The venue was placed deep in the terrain to shield the jumpers from the wind while minimizing the venue's impact in the surroundings.[5] The National Association of Norwegian Architects awarded the hill the 1993 Betongtavlen.[6] In 2007, the large hill was renovated. The profile was expanded, increasing the K-point from 120 to 123. In addition, plastic way was laid, allowing both hills to be used during summer. The hill has a capacity for 35,000 spectators, of which 7,500 can be seated.[3] In addition, up to 25,000 people can followed the games from free areas around the venue.[8] Auxiliary structures include a start house, a judges tower—which includes office space for organizers and judges—a media building, and a technical room below the stands, as well as a first aid room and restrooms. It also features a high-pressure snow production facility with outtakes all along the approach and outrun. Transport to the tower of the large hill is accessible via a chair lift.[4] During the Olympics, transport to the venues was mostly by railway. Spectators discharged at Lillehammer Station on the Dovre Line and would then walk to the stadium.[9] View down the large hill, from before the renovation The small hill has a K-point of 90 and a hill size of 100. It has a 36 degree slope for the outrun and a 11 degree slope for the approach. The height difference is 112 meters (367 ft) and the approach is 82 meters (269 ft) long. Prior to 2007, the large hill had a K-point of 123, a 27.5 degree slope for the outrun and a 11.5 degree slope for the approach. The height difference was 137 meters (449 ft), while the approach is 96.6 meters (317 ft) long.[4] After 2007, the hill size was increased to 138 and the K-point to 123.